The article was written ThS.BS Cao Thanh Tam – Cardiologist, Cardiologist – Share99 Central Park International Health Hub.
Electrolyses are substances that can dissolve in body fluids, creating ions that carry negative and positive electricity. These minerals play a very important role for the body because they help perform nerve and muscle functions, helping to keep the amount of fluid in the body, blood pressure and blood pH balanced.
1. The role of electrolys in the human body
Normally when the body ishealthy , there are no disorders of pathology, then inside and outside the cell membrane there is always a balance of electricity. But only small disorders of diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases – chemotherapy, stress or after surgery … then this balance will be broken, making the concentration of free ions in the blood such as Ca++, K+, Na+, Cl-, Mg++… may increase or decrease suddenly.
Sodium is the main cation of the foreign cell, which plays a fundamental role in maintaining the distribution of water and osmosis pressure in the tissues of the body. Sodium is high in table salt. Balancing sodium in the diet is extremely important to help the body be healthier. Normal blood sodium concentration is 135-145 mmol/l.
Potassium is the main cation of in-cellular translation, which has the function of maintaining a response to stimulation of neurons. Potassium in the body plays a very important role, especially with the cardiovascular system, potassium levels are intimately related to myocardial euphoria, conductions, heart rate.
Potassium is high in foods such as bananas, sweet potatoes, radishes, ….
Potassium has a normal blood concentration of 3.5 – 5 mmol/l.
Calcium plays an important role in many biological functions of the body, especially the function of blood clots.
Electrolynthical disorders are common in people with an imbalanced diet (eating too pale, eating too salty, abusing soft drinks, energy drinks,…) and in people who are in a state of illness or suffering from general conditions. In particular, it can be mentioned the disorder of the two most important minerals in the group of electrolyses, Sodium and Potassium.
2. Electrolyses and heart function
Electrolyses of potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium play a very important role in the functions of myocardial and myocardial tissue. The movement of these ions through the myocardial cell membrane will cause a voltage through the membrane to exceed the threshold and release an active voltage, which leads to muscle contraction. Electrolyses carry an electric motor and are maintained at a tight psychological concentration through different mechanisms to maintain proper heart function.
Electrolye imbalance: The imbalance of these electrolyses can have adverse effects on the heart, causing or contributing to arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.
Potassium imbalance is the most common cause of electrolystical-related arrhythmias. Potassium plays an important role in neuroly conductions. Low potassium levels can cause relatively stable arrhythmias, while high potassium levels can quickly lead to lethal arrhythmias. The imbalance of sodium, magnesium and calcium also puts the heart at risk of arrhythmias.
3. Symptoms of arrhythmias
Arrhythmia can cause the blood pumping activity of the heart to become inefficient and cause symptoms:
- Nervousness, chest drums: This is the most common manifestation of arrhythmias. You may feel "missed", or the feeling of the heart is stopped for a few seconds and followed by usually a strong beat like "drumming" in the chest. Accompanied by symptoms of chest drumming suspense, the patient may have fainting or dizziness, building up. These are often the signs that lead the patient to the physician.
- The sensation of heart rate beats faster or slower than normal.
- Feeling tired, shortness of breath: Prolonged arrhythmias will reduce the pumping and bloodsucking performance of the heart, causing you to show signs of shortness of breath and fatigue.
- Chest pain: Is one of the dangerous signs of arrhythmias, especially when appearing on the background of available cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction…
4. Diagnosis of electrolycical disorders
Blood tests can accurately measure the concentration of electrolyses in the blood. In addition, the doctor can perform an overall health check and prescribe other tests to determine the diagnosis.
5. When to see a doctor?
When the above symptoms appear, you should soon see a doctor to prevent dangerous health events. In some cases, arrhythmias can be harmless, but for the most part it is a manifestation of a serious, life-threatening medical condition that threatens your life of any cause, including electrolysm disorders. Therefore, if you feel any abnormalities of the heart, it is best to go to medical facilities to be examined and detect cardiovascular problems early. Especially in the following cases:
- The heart beats fast or slowly accompanied by the thrill of drumming the chest, dizziness or fainting.
- Arrhythmia is accompanied by shortness of breath, pain in the chest, neck, shoulders, arms or back.
- Arrhythmia appears when you first use a certain drug.
- Arrhythmia appears simultaneously with other symptoms such as weight loss, prolonged fatigue and chest drumming accompanied by headaches and sweating …
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