Common diseases in the uterus

The article was consulted professionally by Master, Dr. Le Nhat Nguyen – Obstetrician and Gynecologist – Share99 DaNang InternationalHealth Hub.

The uterus is an upside-down pear-shaped structure in the pelvis located behind the bladder and in front of the rectum. Together, the uterus, vagina, ovaries and ovulation make up the woman's reproduction system.

1. Diseases of the uterus

Uterine dismissal occurs when the muscles and ligaments that hold the uterus locally become weaker, causing the uterus to fall near the bladder. Many women suffer from mild to medium-to-medium uterus sassy as they age. The most common symptoms are urinary secretes and urine leakage, but severe cases can also cause pain, especially during or after sex.

The uterus can be encountered in any woman, however it is common in the following subjects:

  • Post-birth women, especially for those who give birth vaginally, large fetuses or excessive labor periods.
  • Women after giving birth without abstinence, have to move a lot, causing the bottom of the abdomen to contract too much, causing damage and leading to the fall of the uterus.
  • Pre-menchusal women, older women.

In general, the uterus sassy progresses slowly. Over time, if not handled, more and more, the degree of rapid or slow fall depends on age and the degree of heavy or light labor. The uterus does not affect the life of the patient but there may be a number of complications such as:

  • Vaginal ulcers: Occurs when the person has the disease at the highest level. At this time, the fallen uterus pulls part of the vaginal lining protruding outside the vagina and causes rubbing with pants. This can cause vaginal sores and lead to infection.
  • Other pelvic organs:When the disease becomes serious, the person will be able to experience the fall of other organs in the pelvic area, including the rectum and bladder. The fall of the pelvic organs can cause difficulties in the excretion of the person and, more severely, an increased risk of urinary infections.

Surgery is the main method in the treatment of uterus. Medical treatment is only applicable to degree I or degree II, III uterus but the patient is too old, too young, or has a general disease that is contraindicative to surgery.

Uterine fibroids

Post-birth uterus sassy is common in post-birth women.

2. Cervical gland inflammatory disease

This is a benign disease but also the origin of some dangerous gynecologic diseases, which affect fertility. The disease is quite common in women of child's age, the period in which the ovaries are active or due to congenital.

Cervical gland inflammation is often caused mainly by inflammation or trauma such as cervical tearing, repeated dredging that damages the layers of tissue inside the cervical gland that cause glandular glands. When there is inflammation of the uterus glands, you will see the most pronounced manifestations of the appearance of spoiled gases, the sensation of pain in the vacular area and increased when walking.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissues, normally tissue growing in the uterus, will also grow outside the uterus. The tissue inside the uterus is called "Endometrial", while the tissue outside the uterus is called "endometriosis". Endometriosis usually occurs in the ovaries, ovulation tubes, intestines, or ant before, after and on the side of the uterus.

There are cases of endometriosis with almost no symptoms, but there are also cases of pain, the appearance of cysts or difficulty with pregnancy. The main symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, which is usually associated with the menstrual cycle. Although many people suffer from cramps during menstruation, people with endometriosis often describe menstrual pain as worse than usual. Pain can also increase over time.

The main complications of endometriosis are impaired fertility. About a third to half of women with endometriosis have difficulty with pregnancy. Despite this, many people with mild to medium-to-medium endometriosis can still conceive and become pregnant. Doctors may advise people with endometriosis not to delay having children because the condition can deteriorate over time.

Uterine fibroids

Endometriosis causes impaired fertility in females.

4. Cervical polyps

Cervical polyps are benign tumors that grow from cervical buffer tissue and are covered with the pattern, which comes from the cervical tube, has legs or does not have legs, the size of which can vary from several millimeters to several centimeters, most often in women who give birth several times. Patients with cervical polyps are usually asymptomatic but can also have a lot of spoiled gas, bleeding, blood after intersym. Uterus polyps are usually benign, but about 1% of cases have malignant transformations.

The cause of cervical polyps is not yet clarified, but an over-increase in estrogen is considered the leading risk factor for cervical polyps.

Cervical polyps cause many adverse effects on women's health: If small polyps will interfere with sperm meeting eggs, and if polyps grow larger can cause cervical obstruction, cervical sealing endangers the health of patients. With cervical polyps, the woman's ability to conceive is significantly reduced. To some extent, women with uterus polyps are affected by the quality of their sex life: symptoms of cervical polyps such as gas spoiled, vaginal bleeding … can cause anxiety during intersing, which will also reduce euphoria.

Depending on the condition of each patient, the specialist will prescribe specific treatment: Medical treatment or surgical treatment (polyp removal surgery, electric polyp foot burning).

5. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are a common gynecologic pathology of all ages, especially women during childbirth, pregnancy or menopause. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors of uterine smooth muscle cells. Depending on the location of the fibroids can be divided into: Under the mucosa, in the muscles of the uterus, under the mucosa, can be in the uterus or in the wide ligaments.

Uterine fibroids are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.

Many women sometimes have uterine fibroids throughout their lives. But most women do not know they have uterine fibroids because the disease usually does not cause any symptoms. The doctor may detect fibroids during a pelvic examination or pre-birth ultrasound. In symptomatic women, the most common signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids include: Severe menstrual bleeding, menstrual cycles lasting more than a week, pelvic pain, repeated urination, constipation, back pain, leg pain,..

Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids usually do not show pronounced symptoms.

Although uterine fibroids are usually not dangerous, they can cause discomfort and can lead to complications such as red blood cells (anemia), causing fatigue, severe blood loss. Fibroids usually do not affect pregnancy. However, lower mucosal fibroids can cause infertility or miscarriage. Fibroids can also increase the risk of certain pregnancy complications, such as placenta rupture, limiting fetal growth and premature birth.

Treatment of uterine fibroids can be followed up, treated medically or surgically. The therapeutic goal is to alleviate symptoms (abnormal uterine hemorrhage, pain, symptoms caused by compression,…), reducing the size of fibroids. The choice of how to intervene depends on many factors such as: size, location of the tumor, accompanying symptoms, aspirations of the patient (cost, desire to preserve the uterus,…).

6. Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor in the tissues of the cervical. The two main types of cervical cancer are: scab cell cancer, which is the most common type, and glandular cancer. The causes of cervical cancer are unknown. However, some factors increase a woman's risk of disease such as HPV virus infection (the name of a group of viruses that cause acne) and smoking, which will produce chemicals that damage the cells of the cervical and make the cancer more prone to development.

If initial cellular transformations develop into cervical cancer, the most common signs include vaginal bleeding between menstruations; bleeding after sexual contact; pain during sex; abnormal vaginal secrety; vaginal bleeding after menopause; excessive fatigue; pain or swelling of the legs; lower back pain.

All these symptoms appear in many diseases and may not mean that you have cervical cancer, but, if you have these symptoms, you should go to the doctor for a check-up. Most of the most unusual variations in cervical cells are detected by paptests. A woman should have a smear test every two years.

Surgery is a common method for small tumors found only in the cervical. The scope of the cancer in the cervical will determine the type of surgery to proceed. It can be a cervical reselitative surgery to maintain fertility, a tip biopsy, or a cervical reselitative surgery.

Uterine fibroids

HPV vaccination is the most effective proactive way to prevent cervical cancer.

Treatments may include radiation therapy (external or internal); chemotherapy; combining chemotherapy with radiation. For people with terminal cancer, mitigation treatment will help increase quality of life by reducing the symptoms of cancer. Treatments can include pain relief and control of body or emotional problems.

Currently, at Share99 International Health Hub system, there is a package of examination and screening for basic gynecologic diseases.

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Dr. Le Nhat Nguyen has more than 20 years of experience in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Nguyen is a former obstetrician at Gia Dinh People's Health Hub in Ho Chi Minh City. BS has high expertise and strengths in the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics and gynecology diseases. Currently a Doctor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department – Share99 Da Nang InternationalHealth Hub.

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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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