Chronic myelin-destroying polyditis is a multi-nerve disorder, manifested in sensory deteriorations in the legs and hands. Patients with this disease need early treatment to ensure greater recovery.
1. What is chronic myelin-destroying polyditis?
Chronic myelin-destroying polyditis (CIDP) is a neurological disorder of the body. Although the symptoms are not the same in each person, most people with CIDP can feel tired and have areas of numbness and pain. It can cause cidp wearer reflexes to slow down and weaken arms and legs. If this symptom occurs within at least 8 weeks, then there is a high likelihood that the CIDP has been suffered.
Most people with CIDP need treatment and the treatment should start as soon as possible as the chances of a full recovery are higher. The symptoms of the disease can disappear for a long time, however it can still return after a period of time. Anyone can get CIDP, but the disease is quite common in older adults and in men. Diagnosing people with CIDP is not an easy task.
2. Causes of CIDP
Experts are unsure about the causes of CIDP. What they know is that it is caused by inflammation of the nerves and nerve roots. It can destroy the protective shell around the nerve, called myelin, and can damage nerve fibers resulting in slowing down the nerves' ability to send signals. This is the cause of pain, fatigue and paralysis.
3. Is CIDP the same as Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)?
CIDP is not closely related to Guillain-Barre syndrome. Both are neurological problems and both cause symptoms such as weakness and paralysis. But GBS usually appears days or weeks after a person is sick, such as stomach pain. CIDP is not related to illness. With Guillain-Barre syndrome, once treated, most people recover quite quickly, while CIDP tends to last longer. In rare cases, people with Guillain-Barre syndrome who are not treated and do not recover can develop into CIDP.
4. How is CIDP diagnosed?
There are no tests to diagnose CIDP. Instead, the doctor will look into the patient's symptoms, such as how long they begin and the sensation it brings. The doctor will also have a thorough physical examination and may recommend tests to better understand what happens to the patient's nerves as well as to exclude other causes.
In some cases, although doctors may not be entirely sure if the patient has CIDP, they still carry out treatment. If symptoms improve, then it is shown that the patient has CIDP.
5. CIDP Treatment
Early treatment is key to success for CIDP patients. It can help prevent nerve damage and prevent symptoms from becoming more severe.
Possible treatments include:
- Corticosteroids: These drugs have the effect of reducing inflammation and slowing down the immune system.
- Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG): Doctors can inject concentrated antibodies from healthy people to slow down the body's immune response
- Plasma Exchange (PE): This treatment involves receiving a portion of plasma through IV to slow down the immune system
- Immuno therapy: These drugs disrupt the immune system to help prevent it from attacking myelin.
- Stem cell transplant: In rare cases, the doctor can inject healthy stem cells to "reset" the immune system
- Physical Therapy: Exercise moderately to provide more energy.
Sometimes patients may feel that they are in control of their symptoms during this time, but find it difficult to control them at another time. If the prescription painkiller is insufficient to treat the pain that comes from the CIDP, the doctor may prescribe other medications.
Patients can fully recover from CIDP, but they may have neurological lesions, such as numbness and weakness for the rest of their lives.
Chronic myelin-destroying polyditis is a rather dangerous disease, causing many complications if not treated promptly and thoroughly. To register for examination and treatment at Share99 International Health Hub, you can contact Share99 Health System nationwide, or register for an online examination HERE.
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