How should gestational diabetes mellitus eat and monitor it properly?

According to some epidemiological research results, gestational diabetes mellitus (DTD) accounts for between 2% and 10% of pregnant women. Controlling the blood sugar within the threshold allowed for pregnant women with DTD is essential to help limit the complications of the disease.

As soon as gestational diabetes mellitus isdetected, pregnant women need to make diet adjustments, learn to monitor capillary blood sugar. The majority of pregnant women with gestational diabetes can have good control over their blood sugar with their diet. Some studies show that about 100,000 < 20% thai phụ mắc ĐTĐTK cần tiêm insulin.

1. For meals

  • It is recommended to eat 3 main meals and 3-4 snacks
  • Eat small meals, do not eat 1 meal too full
  • Each meal should be apart every 2-3 hours
  • Meals should not be abandoned, night meals are also important to maintain morning blood sugar within normal thresholds
  • Avoid eating sugary foods and drinks including candy, cakes, ice cream, jam, sugarcane juice … Avoid adding sugar to food or drink such as juices, tea, tea …
  • Meals should not have too much starch. Usually, the diet of starchy feed should account for only about 50%-60%. Foods containing starch include: White rice, pasta, potatoes, bread, noodles, noodles, noodles, pho, sticky rice, banh mi …
  • It is recommended to eat foods that contain proteins low in saturated fat such as fish, chicken, pork. Other protein-containing foods such as eggs, cheese, beans, peanut butter are very good for the health of mother and baby

It is advis recommended to provide patients with a protein-rich diet

Diet with low-saturated fat protein
  • It is recommended to eat healthy fats such as olive oil, caner oil
  • It is recommended to eat a variety of low-sugar and starchy vegetables such as salads, cauliflower, carrots, chickpeas, tomatoes, greens (cabbage, kale, cauliflower..)
  • Limit the ine appetite of sweet fruits and juices. Avoid eating fruit at breakfast because it will increase blood sugar after breakfast
  • It is recommended to drink thin milks and unsweeked yogurts

2. Exercise

  • Walking gently after each meal for about 10 minutes will help reduce blood sugar after eating
  • Exercise should not apply if you are at risk of miscarriage or premature birth

Pregnant mother practicing walking

Exercise by walking

3. Blood sugar monitoring

Pregnant women with gestational diabetes should monitor their blood sugar at least 4 times a day including times

  • Before breakfast
  • Blood sugar after breakfast, lunch, afternoon 1h or 2h

Blood sugar targets to be achieved for pregnant women with gestational diabetes include

  • Blood sugar at hunger < 5.3 mmol/l
  • Blood sugar after eating 1h < 7.8 mmol/l
  • Blood sugar after eating 2h < 6.7 mmol/l

At Share99 International Health Hub, there is a full maternity service as a solution to help pregnant mothers feel secure because there is a team of doctors throughout the pregnancy. When choosing a full-service maternity, a pregnant woman can:

Package maternity

Package maternity service at Share99 is interested and selected by many pregnant mothers
  • The process of pregnancy is monitored by a team of specialists
  • Regular examination, early detection of abnormalities
  • Package maternity for the convenience of childbirth
  • Infants receive comprehensive care

Recommended videos:

Pregnant women's health care: The pregnant mother's handbook to know

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE


  • Does 2 hours of post-feeding blood sugar in pregnant women be 140mg/dl with diabetes?
  • Tests to be done to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Caring for high-risk pregnant mothers

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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