Peanut allergy is becoming increasingly common and can cause serious reactions, including anaphylactic shock. From this fact, whether pregnant women should eat peanuts during pregnancy is a question that many people are interested in.
1. Peanut allergy
Allergy to peanuts and nuts is one of the common types of food allergies. Symptoms may include:
- Tingling in the mouth;
- Stomach cramps or nausea;
- Urticaria, rash;
- Shortness of breath;
- Swelling of the tongue;
- Anaphylactic shock.
1.2. Anaphylactic shock
Anaphylactic shock is a serious reaction because it can be life-threatening. If anaphylactic shock occurs, the victim will present:
- Respiratory spasms;
- Heart rate increases rapidly;
- The pulse becomes weaker;
- Nausea and vomiting.
Call the emergency number immediately if you detect that someone else has the same signs as above.
Accordingly, people who have been diagnosed with peanut allergy should bring an automatic epinephrine injection instrument (EpiPen) when going out. It is the main drug used to treat anaphylalactic shock. This device should also be placed in an easily accessible place at home. Sometimes exposure to peanuts or products made from peanuts flying in the air is enough to produce a serious reaction.
Like other types of allergies, peanut allergy tends to be heredic among members of families. There have been recommendations for women to avoid eating peanuts during pregnancy if a family member has a peanut allergy. But currently the consumption of peanuts during pregnancy is considered safe if the mother does not have allergies, regardless of family history.
1.4. Lasts a lifetime
While children with allergies to milk and eggs often cure themselves as they grow older, experts say peanut and nut allergies are more likely to last a lifetime.
As recommended, all children with severe eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis or allergies to eggs at high risk are also peanut allergies. These subjects should be examined and tested by a specialist.
Most often, peanut allergy is diagnosed within the first 2 years of life. However, there are also cases where an allergic reaction does not appear until the person comes into contact with peanuts for the first time (which may be in adulthood). If you suspect your child is more likely to have a peanut allergy, take him to a specialist for testing.
The doctor can inject small amounts of peanut protein into the skin to monitor the reaction, or do a blood test. If the results are insufficient to conclude, the patient will be advised to remove peanuts or peanut products from the diet within 2-4 weeks. This diet can help determine whether the elimination of peanuts improves symptoms.
Scientists are currently working on ways to predict whether a child is at risk of peanut allergy, but have yet to find a way to prevent allergies from forming and developing.
2. Eat peanuts during pregnancy
From the above fact, many people are concerned whether eating peanuts or peanut products in pregnancy is safe for the baby? Some argue that eating peanuts during pregnancy will make babies more susceptible to peanut allergies. There has even been a list of allergenic foods pregnant women should be cautious including: peanuts, nuts, cow's milk, eggs and fish …
On the contrary, there is a view in favor of eating peanuts during pregnancy to introduce and give the baby the opportunity to interact with food earlier. Thereby providing some fetal protective substances, helping babies increase tolerance to food and reduce the risk of developing serious allergies later on.
Published medical studies found no evidence that avoiding foods such as peanuts, milk and eggs during pregnancy was associated with a baby's risk of allergies. Therefore, pregnant women do not need to avoid any allergenic foods because they can be beneficial, as long as they themselves are completely normal. A recent study found that non-allergic mothers who ate peanuts 5 times a week or more were less likely to give birth to allergic babies.
In summary, if there is no allergy, it is safe to eat peanuts during pregnancy. On the contrary, if you are allergic to peanuts or any other food, you should avoid consuming them completely both during pregnancy and in other stages throughout your life. It should be noted that peanuts can hide in a variety of foods, including:
- Cakes, chocolates and candies;
- Asian dishes;
- Dry wages;
- The product is processed in places where there is a lot of peanuts.
Around whether eating peanuts is good, or specifically whether pregnant women should eat peanuts, experts say peanuts are a smart choice for pregnant women thanks to their high protein and folate content. Folate and folic acid supplements are recommended during pregnancy to help prevent birth defects, especially the developing brain and spine of the fetus.
Of course, your sense of smell and preferences can vary significantly during pregnancy. If you do not like to eat peanuts, pregnant women can find other sources of protein and folate. As long as you are following a balanced, healthy diet, the exclusion of peanuts from the menu certainly does not harm both the mother and the baby. The doctor also often recommends that pregnant women take additional folic acid supplements, whether the regular diet is high in this substance or not.
Thus, whether the pregnant woman should eat peanuts does not depend on the allergy as well as the taste of the mother, which hardly affects the baby. If you have any questions about safe food during pregnancy, consult a specialist. Pregnancy can be a great experience but also full of anxiety. Whenever you have questions, ask your doctor for an early and accurate answer. Thanks to that, you can enjoy the journey of preparing to be a mother and welcoming your baby.
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Source: webmd.com, babycentre.co.uk, healthline.com
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