Normal birth or cesarean section is always a difficult choice for many women when there is no special decree from a doctor. Before choosing the right method of birth, pregnant women can refer to the 10 frequently asked questions below to get a comprehensive view of the method of cesarean section.
1. What is cesarean section?
Cesarean section is the birth of a baby through incisions made in the abdomen and uterus.
2. Why is it necessary to have a cesarean section?
The following situations are several reasons why a pregnant woman must have a cesarean section:
- Contractions may not be enough to open the cervical opening for the baby to move into the vagina
- The umbilical cord may be pinched, twisted, or fetal monitors detect abnormal heart rhythms
- If a woman is pregnant with twins, cesarean section may be necessary if the baby is born too early, not in a good position in the uterus, or if there are other problems. The likelihood of cesarean section increases with the number of babies that the pregnant woman is carrying
- Problems with the placenta
- The baby is too big
- Infections in the mother, such as immuno-weakened viral infections
- Mothers with medical conditiones, such as diabetes mellitus or high blood pressure
3. Is cesarean section necessary if the pregnant woman has had a previous cesarean section?
Women who have had a caesarean section before can give birth normally. The decision depends on the type of incision used in the previous cesarean section, the number of previous caesarean sections. Pregnant women should consult an obstetrician or healthcare professional before making a choice.
4. Can a pregnant woman request a cesarean section?
Some pregnancies may require cesarean section even if normal birth is possible. This decision should be carefully considered and discussed with the doctor. Health Hubization during cesarean section may be longer than normal birth. In addition, the more women give birth to a cesarean section, the higher the risk of suffering from certain medical problems and problems with future pregnancies. This may not be a good option for women who want to have multiple children.
5. What should be prepared before cesarean section?
Before you have a cesarean section, it will be necessary to prepare some of the following:
- An intravenous line will be placed in a vein in the arm or hand to transmit the drug during surgery.
- The abdominal area of the pregnant woman will be washed, and pubic hair can be cut or trimmed.
- Pregnant women will be given medication to prevent infection.
- A catheter is placed into the urethra for bladder draining.
6. How will the pregnant woman be an anesthetic during cesarean section?
The pregnant woman will receive a full-body anesthesia, an anesthesia of the sural or spinal cord. If you have general anesthesia, the pregnant woman will not stay awake during childbirth. Anesthesia outside the sural membrane will paralyze the lower half of the body. Spinal anesthesia will also numb the lower half of the pregnant woman. When anesthesia of the spinal cord, the drug is injected directly into the spinal fluid.
7. How is the cesarean section carried out?
The doctor will cut a cut through the skin and abdominal wall. Skin incisions can be horizontal or vertical. The muscles in the abdomen of the pregnant woman are separated and may not need to be cut. Another incision will be made by the doctor in the city of the uterus. Incisions in the wall of the uterus can also be horizontal or vertical. The fetus will be transferred through the incisions, the umbilical cord will be cut, and then the placenta will be removed. The uterus will be closed thanks to the stitches.
8. What are the complications of cesarean section?
- be infected
- Blood loss
- Blood clots in the legs, pelvis or lungs
- Damage to the intestines or bladder
- Reaction to the drug used
9. What happens after cesarean section?
After surgery, the pregnant woman may remain conscious and can carry her baby immediately. The pregnant woman will then be taken to the resuscitation room or directly to the hospital room. The blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, blood volume and incision of the pregnant woman will be checked regularly.
Immediately after surgery, the cathetro is removed from the bladder. The incision in the abdomen will hurt in the first few days. Your doctor may prescribe painkillers when your anaesthetic is out of effect.
The period of hospitalization after cesarean section is usually 2 to 4 days. The duration of hospitalization depends on the reason for the cesarean section and the time it takes for the pregnant body to recover. When you get home, a pregnant woman may need to take special care of herself and limit her activities. To prevent infection, for a few weeks after cesarean section, the pregnant woman should not put anything in the vagina or have sex.
10. What abnormalities can a pregnant woman experience during recovery?
During recovery, the following can happen:
- Mild cramps, especially if breastfeeding
- Bleeding or discharge in about 4–6 weeks
- Pain in the incision
Share99 International Health Hub offers a full maternity care program for women from the very beginning of pregnancy from the first months with a full range of pregnancy examinations, 3D ultrasounds, 4D routines and routine tests to ensure the mother is always healthy and the fetus develops comprehensively. Maternity will no longer be alone when entering labor because having a companion helps the process of childbirth always bring peace of mind and happiness. Obstetrics and Gynecology will be consulted and checked under the close supervision of experienced and professional obstetrician, helping mothers have more knowledge to protect their health during pregnancy as well as minimize complications affecting mothers and children.
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Article reference source: acog.org
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